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Infant Formula

ZMF-C Community Milk Feeding program

Spring 2019 by Sue Krogsgaard

I returned from Zambia a month ago. This is the first time I’ve seen drought. Hunger is evident. People are lining up in town for mealie meal – there isn’t enough, and the prices have gone up.

Above on the left is Precious who received milk for her twins in 2014 and 2105. Between she and her 2 sisters there are 10 youngsters and her parents to feed at Simakakata (a small settlement for the blind and lame).

ZMF-C has started donating mealie meal to widows and orphans and also has increased the school feeding program in all 5 schools we’ve been involved with. The school children now receive full meals 3 days a week and 2 days will receive “Tobwa”, a protein/energy drink.

It is predicted that more mothers/families will be requesting milk formula as mothers will have more of a challenge nourishing themselves well enough to produce sufficient breast milk.

A set of triplets were born almost 6 months ago. The mother is a nurse, the father is a teacher. She’d been b/feeding all 3 babies until about one month ago. Now, since she’s back to work she’s decided to b/feed only Joy, the smallest. The boys are growing well. Emmanuel is already 9.2 kg at 6 months old! Wow. Titus is 6 kg.

Maternity leaves are only 3 months in Zambia, but Bridget, the mom got a bit of grace! They have help with Bridget’s mother and a couple of young relatives, but even still it’s the momma who has been doing night shift with the babies.

Why accept salaried Gov’t workers babies on the program? The government of Zambia charged the couple K10,000 for keeping the babies at the government hospital for 3 weeks. Plus, they had the expense of travel and groceries while in Lusaka. They are doing what they can and hunger in this province is pinching everyone’s wallet and waistline. The cost of vegetables and milk formula has already increased. (by 1/3)

Also, on the program are two sets of twins. One set needs milk for only one baby.

Sad news is that baby Natasha’s mother died. She was a young momma – first child. (High maternal death rate 224/100,000 births) Canada: 7/100,000

Cultural difference: Funerals typically last about 5 days.

The mother’s body was in the house for the first night and the next day it was buried in the local graveyard. Many people gathered at the house over the week. People brought and shared chibwantu (local drink), mealie meal and some meat or relish for the many that gather. People generally cry, sing, pray and spend MUCH time just being “with” – sitting in, and all around the house. It is a time of mourning.

In my opinion it’s a much healthier grieving process than ours in the west who take a few hours at the funeral/church building to do the hard work of grief.

Baby Natasha will remain with the g/mother (father’s side) at Siabalumbi. Baby Natasha is very healthy and has bonded with the family.

So…much to pray about and much to give thanks for!

The families who receive milk are ALWAYS grateful to the Canadian donors ….we pass that thanks on to you who generously give to this worthwhile program.

Nancy Siazilo and Sue Krogsgaard

Mandelina and Mrs. Muntanga as well.

January and February 2018 ZMF-C Milk Formula Distribution

Richard and I as well as Steve and Joan Mann spent most of January and February in Zambia catching up with ZMF-C people and projects. The Hoeppner family and Marlene and Randy McClure joined us for a few of those weeks.

I was able to be with Milk Program manager, Nancy Siazilo, her assistant, Mrs. Muntanga and 19 babies and families for the “milk Mondays” which take place at 7 Fountains Farm each 3rd Monday of the month.

Again, I have to pass on GREAT thanks to you, the donors, from those families you’ve helped! They are truly grateful!!

To summarize – the milk program serves an average of 10 babies monthly for a duration of approximately one year. Some months perhaps 13 will show up, others it might be less. Some babies may be on the program only for a few months, some longer. The program is designed to target the specific needs and circumstances of each baby and family.

Beyond the distributing of milk formula, the aim is to share the love of Jesus through actions such as observation and listening and expressing words of encouragement.

Every contact with a family is a story! I will attempt to communicate with you some of the challenges and blessings through the next few reports and also ask you to join me in prayer for God’s justice in these situations!

First of all, I’ll share a few excerpts from “Rich Christians in an age of Hunger” by Ronald J. Sider (2005), a book loaned to me from Steve during our time together.

1.Sider asserts that: “God wants every person & family to have equality of economic opportunity, at least to the point of having access to the resources necessary (land, money, education)…so they can earn a decent living and participate as dignified members of their community.”

2.Poverty means illiteracy, inadequate medical care, disease, and brain damage.

And while in Zambia I was reminded of our luxurious Canadian health care system.

•Zambia infant mortality rate is 8 times GREATER than in Canada.

•Maternal death rate is 591 per 100,000 live births in Zambia. Canada’s maternal death rate is 6 – 11 per 100,000 live births. (Example: Osco Moodoomo was married about one year ago. His wife died a few weeks ago attempting to deliver their first child. Osco is in his early 30’s. He is employed as a Social Worker after recently graduating from University of Zambia. He was one of our sweet former ZMF-C sponsored students and interned with me as a Social worker in 2013/14). The death of Osco’s wife will become a statistic – but more than that, it’s a painful a reality! My heart aches for Osco and his wife’s family.

•HIV prevalence for females in still high at 16.1%.


Last is 4 months old and has outlived his 2 siblings. One died at age 1 week, the other at 1 month. He is unkempt and underweight, but apparently brighter than a few weeks ago. His mother and granny’s lethargic bodies and downcast appearance were telling of their challenging life circumstances. They had travelled a long way to 7 Fountains Farm to receive milk formula for baby Last.

When I saw Last in January he had no proper bottle. He’d been feeding off of a toddler sippy cup that had a few of the holes fused by melting the plastic with a hot knife.

I asked, “How much does he vomit?” – “after every feed” the mom replied. Surprisingly, he had gained a little weight. He was given a bottle!

On further inquiry we learned that Last’s mother had been “chased” by her husband from the polygamous marriage. Why? Who knows for sure? Some possibilities: 2 of her babies have already died, jealousy, witchcraft,??? …

Will keep you posted as Nancy and Mrs. Muntanga attempt to keep connected with this family.

In the meantime, God introduced me to a sweet Social Worker at the Gender Based Violence organization based in Kalomo. A suggestion has been made to connect the mother with this Social Worker.


Prosper is 3 months old in this phot. His 21 year old mother was buried the day prior to this photo. Prosper was to be taken care of by this aunty and they came to the milk program accompanied by one of our ZMF-C sponsored teachers. A few weeks after the photo was taken baby Prosper died.

Why did the mom die? No clear explanation. “She had pains during her pregnancy that continued until she died”. Prosper was breast fed until the day mom died. Baby Prosper appeared to be relatively healthy. 2nd question: Why did Prosper die?

Poverty means unsatisfactorily explained reasons for maternal and infant death. Their village is several kilometers from the nearest rural health clinic. Often times I’ve seen the donkey and cart on the dirt road in that area loaded with a newborn and a new mom – within 24 hours of delivering. One local doctor I knew described rural health care as bush medicine. General challenges for rural clinics include lack of medicines, lack of adequate staffing, lack of infrastructure.


I couldn’t help but put in ANOTHER photo of Lubono! What’s your reaction?

If you have received reports in the past you’ve heard us mention Lubono, now 3 years old. She has Down’s syndrome, and is talking, walking and dancing! She makes us laugh! She loves an audience. Her hair is still copper colored, but overall this girl is full of energy! It was fun to watch her make her airy, green dress float like feathers! Lubono’s mom is dedicated and after travelling a LONG way for milk days she’d take Lubono to Namwianga Clinic for physiotherapy and education on how to help Lubono start to meet her developmental milestones. This is the longest we’ve kept a child on the program, but the rationale is that she needed all the help she could get so that her brain could receive optimal nutrition.

So sweet smiles and thanks from Lubono , Last, Tambula, Kelebi, Mike, Milimo, Litness, Chrispine, Jophina, Choolwe, Michelo, Anety, Chipego, Barbara, Robbie, Purity, Mutinta, Katreenden, Nelia, and baby Moombe…

Psalm 37 – Day by day, the Lord takes care of the innocent, and they will receive an inheritance that lasts FOREVER!

On behalf of the babies, their families & Nancy Siazilo and Mrs. Mutanga,

Sue Krogsgaard

February 2017 Milk Program – ZMF-C

Currently, 10 babies are receiving the gift of milk!

This month only about the families came to receive the milk as Nancy had given some families extra last month.

Why??? The rainy season this year has been UNBELIEVABLE and roads are trecherous and unreliable!

Next month we will give some details on some of the new babies and their families! Thanks for your contributions and you can see the difference you’ve made!

Blessings to all of you,

Nancy Siazilo, Sue Krogsgaard (and Babylon Kajolo and Mrs. Muntanga)


May 16, 2016

We thank God again for the privilege to serve in His Kingdom and give a report on the distribution of milk for the month of May.

It is great to report that there is change of weather though on this particular day we experienced some cloudiness. Daytime temperatures have dropped from 30 to 25 degrees Celsius. Nights are also getting cooler. Last night the reading was 9 degrees. Brrr..

It’s very sad to report that a child by the name of Esther Mashombe passed away on 3rd May. We didn’t receive the information from the parents until this day someone who came to collect milk disclosed this

tragedy. There is a high possibility that Esther was HIV positive and untreated. Very sad!

This drops the number in the program to 12.

Lusyomo Nyeleti; this is the last month on the program. We are happy to note that this girl looks healthy and no doubt she will continue doing well thereafter.

Charity Kabati is not in good health. Under 5 card shows a reduction of 1kg. The reason given was that she was sick. We hope she will be able to gain her weight next month. The Siazilos will follow up on her HIV status diagnosis and then encouragement to request treatment.

Lweendo Siapulwe’s health is good however, the mother is still in great pain. She was diagnosed with cancer. The Siazilos are asking the church at 7 Fountains farm to assist in transport costs for mom to get to a small hospital to explore receiving appropriate pain relief.

Lubono Sikanyenyene is making much progress. She is able to sit unsupported. You’ll remember she’s the little one with Down’s syndrome.

Kayafa Sindunda, looked healthy however the mother said he was sick for some days.

Two babies Innocent and Nkumbu were not brought however milk was given to the relatives. This is Nkumbu’s last month. He has done tremendously under the care of his wonderful aunt in Choma.

Kestin was given in advance because of distance that the family has to travel (and pay for!)

Next month the number shall drop to 10.

Next milk delivery will be on 21st June.

Thanks for blessing these wee ones and their families!

Nancy Siazilo

Community Milk Feeding Program

January 2016

Greetings from sunny Zambia! Richard and I are grateful for safe travel and to be surrounded by a wonderful caring church family and to renew friendships with so many!

It should not be so sunny this time of year. Drought is quite evident and malnutrition and hunger is beginning in some locations. Today, ZMF-C started a feeding program for children at the 4 schools we’ve been connected with over the past few years.

We are grateful for your continued support and hope you will take a few extra minutes to read this longer than usual report and reflect on your blessings.

While we’ve been away, Nancy and Wilson Siazilo have very capably overseen this very important piece of the ZMF-C ministry!

I am the reporter for January and February to give Wilson a bit of a much needed break! He and Nancy always have many hats to wear and they it do with dignity and humility!

I want to give you a picture of Nancy Siazilo. First of all, read Proverbs 31. That is Nancy. She has Godly wisdom and is productive, hospitable, and caring as a mother, wife, aunty, grandmother, neighbour and whatever other role she’s found in! There is no idleness with Nancy and she is ALWAYS cheerful.

Besides raising 5 beautiful daughters, Nancy and Wilson have been foster parents to 7 other children. Wilson is a retired head teacher and is a major leader in the small church on this farm and now assists on boards, in a Christian wleadership program …more about that in February!

Nancy has made great relationships with the many families that the Milk Program has blessed over the past year. Relationships are the key to any service in God’s kingdom, and she does this very well! Nancy is on the right side, along with 15 month old Loubono and mom, Olice.

Baby Loubono was born with Down’s syndrome. She is only 5.9 kg, is desperately behind developmentally, but she is a BEAUTIFUL baby. Her skin is a silky chocolate brown! She is trying very hard to grasp objects and she holds her head up quite well. She has caring parents and siblings who dote on her. She has been nourished the past year through your donations to the ZMF-C milk program. As well, now she is now receiving “plumpy” nuts from Kalomo Hospital to assist with intake of additional protein and fat. Plumpy nuts are a pounded peanut mixture with added micronutrients.

In all, there are 10 babies on the program. A quick summary:

Idah – 9 months old, mom was not able to produce much breast milk – now weighs 7.6 kg

Charity – 4 months old, mom is young and single and unwell. Baby is gaining weight and on antibiotics.

Lusyomo – One year old. Mom died 9 days after giving birth. Gaining weight well and achieving milestones nicely.

Lacy – pronounced Lassie is a 2 month old little boy. Mother was unable to breastfeed related to breast sores that have cleared up. Lacy is gaining well now. 4.6 kg

Mapenzi – means “problem” in Tonga and can be used as a boy or girl name. This Mapenzi is a girl. Usually there has been a problem with the birth or something else that happened at the time of birth, therefore the name problem fits. This mom has had trouble producing breast milk.

Nkuumbo – almost one year old. Mom died during child birth. Dad, David is loved and respected by many in his clinical officer role at Kalomo Hospital. Nkuumbo is sure to be a doctor. He is so alert and lively! Nkuumbo lives with his sister and aunty in Choma.

Lemmy – 7 months old, mom died of childbirth. He is cared for by granny and they live a long way from SFF.

Lubono – Now 15 months, Lubono was referred to the Milk Program because of chronic low weight. He’s gaining now…..though slowly. He’s 5.9 kg.

Kayafa – Is a 3 month old twin boy and weighs almost 6 kg! The other twin is breastfed and not far behind in weight.

So that is the picture this month for you to pray for! Please pray for the babies as well as the parents and other family members who are working hard to raise another generation of Zambians!

Blessings on all of your service in the Kingdom of God!

Sue Krogsgaard


In addition to providing formula for babies in full-time care, formula is also given to families who are willing and able to care for their baby in the village. These families come each month to collect tins of baby formula and must show the health card for the baby they are caring for. In this way, the growth of the baby can be monitored. Formula is provided until the baby is one year old.

As maternal care improves in Zambia we hope to see fewer deaths in new mothers….and fewer babies needing care. For now, however, this need is still great. Over the past twenty years hundreds of babies have been given a chance to live!

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